Sunday, October 28, 2012

The 10 Highest Mountains in the Philippines

photo by wantet (Flickr) Summit of Mt. Apo
Philippines is blessed with 7,100 islands, it is grouped into three island-groups - Luzon, Visayas and Mindanao. Philippine mountains are volcanic in origin and, in general, have moderate elevation. Situated in the tropical latitude, these mountains have tropical vegetation and home to thousands of flora and fauna, most of them are endimic or only found in the Philippines. Here is the list of ten (10) highest mountain in the Philippines:

10. Mt. Kalawitan
Mt. Kalawitan
The tenth highest mountain of the Philippines is situated in which borders the towns of Bontoc and Sabangan in Mountain Province and Tinoc in Ifugao with its peak measuring 1,714 meters above sea level. Mt. Kalawitan highlight the beauty of pines and mossy forests including the breath taking scene along the mountain. 

9. Mt. Singakalsa (Timbak)

Image source:
Mount Singakalsa with 2,717 masl
Mt. Singakalsa is also known as Mt. Timbak, with 2,717 masl, the nineth highest mountain in the Philippines and the 3rd highest mountain in Luzon. It is located in the province of  Benguet  and part of Cordillera mountain range. This mountain is known as the home of the Timbak mummies.

8. Mt. Maagnaw
Image soure:
Mt. Maagnaw with 2,742 masl
The Mt. Maagnaw is the eighth highest mountain in the Philippines with the standing height of 2,742 masl and located in Kitanglad mountain range, in Bukidnon. In Kitanglad Mountain Range covers three of the ten highest peaks in the Philippines. The Mt. Dulang-Dulang the 2nd highest peak, Mt. Kitanglad the 4th highest peak and the Mt. Maagnaw the 8th highest peak in the Philippines.

7.  Mt. Ragang
Image soure:
Mt. Ragang with 2,815 masl
This mountain also known as Mount Piapayungan and Blue Mountain by the local people, it is a stratovolcano on Mindanao island in the Philippines. It is the seventh highest mountain in the Philippines with height of  2,815 masl. Mount Ragang is located on the boundary of the provinces of Lanao del Sur and Cotabato in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) and place of majestic Maria Cristina  waterfall along the Agus River. It is sometimes called the "twin falls" as the flow is separated by a rock at the brink of the waterfall.

6. Mt. Tabayoc
Image source:
Mt. Tabayoc with 2,842 masl
Mt. Tabayoc with altitude of 2842 masl is located in Kabayan, Benguet, second highest mountain in Luzon and the fifth in the Philippines. This mountain is also known by locals with two other names "Tabayac" and "Tabeyoc". Mountaineers have come to call it Tabayoc because it refer to the lake fronting it as Tabeo or Tabayo. This is the thickest and lushest rain forest, moist moss-covered trunks of the bonsai trees that cover the mountain.

5. Mt. Kalatungan
Image source: Emmanuel Palacio
Mt. Kalatungan

Mt. Kalatungan also known as Catatungan with an elevation of 2,860 masl, Mt. Kalatungan is the fifth highest peak in the Philippines. It is an stratovolcano located in the municipalities of Talakag, Maramag, Pangantucan and Valencia in Bukidnon Province. This mountain is home of 429 species and many of these species are endangered, endemic, economically and socially important to the locals.

4. Mt. Kitanglad

Image soure:
Mt. Kitanglad
Mount Kitanglad is an inactive volcano located in the Kitanglad Mountain Range in Bukidnon province on Mindanao island. It has an approximate height of 2,899 masl and consider as the fourth highest mountain in the Philippines. It is located between Malaybalay City and the municipalities of Lantapan,Impasug-ong, Sumilao, Libona. Manolo Fortich, Baungon and Talakag

The name "Kitanglad" was derived from a legend that there was once a great flood that submerged the native lands of Bukidnon and only the tip of the mountain, the size of a "tanglad" (lemon grass), remained visible ("kita" in Filipino). It is considered as an ancestral domain of several old cultural communities like the Bukidnons, Higaonons and Talaandigs.

3. Mt. Pulag

Image source:
Sea of cloud at Mt. Pulag

The third highest mountain in the Philippine is Mt. Pulag with an elevation of 2,922 meters above sea level,  which is located in Cordillera Range, Benguet. This mountain is home to the dwarf bamboo and four cloud rat species which can only be found within the area. Mt Pulag is well known to local outdoor enthusiasts for the sea of cloud scenery when your are in the top of the summit.

2. Mt. Dulang-Dulang
Image source:
Mt. Dulang-Dulang
One of the highest peaks in the Kitanglad mountain range is Mt. Dulang-dulang also known as "D2" for Filipino mountaineers with the altitude of 2,938 meters above sea level (9,639ft). It is the second highest mountain in the Philippines and slightly higher than Mt. Pulag.

Mount Dulang-dulang, similar to other peaks located in the Kitanglad Mountain Range, is covered by lofty forests and is a home to a variety of fauna and flora. It is home to 58 mammal species including bats, squirrels, monkeys, wild boars, flying lemurs, shrews, and deer. The Philippine Eagle is also sighted within the vicinity of the mountain.

The mountain is regarded by the Talaandig tribe of Lantapan as a sacred place. It is also within the ancestral domain of the tribe.

1. Mt. Apo
Image source:
The Majestic Mt. Apo
With an elevation of 2,954 meters above sea level (9,692 ft), the Mt. Apo. It is considered to be one of the richest botanical mountains in the region hosting hundreds of rare, endemic and threatened species of flora and home of one of the largest eagles in the world and it is dominated by the highest mountain in the Philippines and is located between Davao City and Davao del Sur province in Region XI and Cotabato province in Region XII in the island of Mindanao.

Mt Apo hosts five (5) distinct forest formations, from lowland forest to low montane forest, high montane forest and finally to summit or scrub forest. In addition to variations in its topography, interactions of other factors, such as, climate, soil, geology, slope and drainage have allowed for the development of a wide diversity in plant community types and associations in the region.


No comments:

Post a Comment

Popular Posts